Thesis: God does not merely permit sin (pace Pelagianism) nor does he efficiently produce it (as the Libertines suppose), but he efficaciously orders and directs it (I: 515).
How God concurs to the act of sin
Distinguishing about sin:
- the entity itself of the act
- the disorder and wickedness joined with it
- the consequent results, called the adjunct
God physically permits sin (Turretin’s use of the world physically is unfortunate, but can’t be avoided; he means something like God’s allowing the sin to exist in the universe). Physical is used in contradistinction to ethical and moral, in which sense God does not permit sin (since that would be a relaxing of the law).