I am indebted to Daniel R. for suggesting a number of differences between recent American Theonomists and the earlier Scottish theocrats. One of the distinctives of American theonomy is a tendency towards a libertarian economic order. In short, they see the government’s role as negative (e.g., we pay taxes so the government can kill evildoers, Rom. 13). Supposedly, the Scottish theocrats (and Bucer) would see the government as positively prescribing righteousness.